Nausea and vomiting that happen during pregnancy, especially during the first part of pregnancy, often are called “morning sickness”. Despite its name, morning sickness can occur at any time of the day.
Why & How Long?
Although no one is certain what causes morning sickness, increasing levels of hormones during pregnancy may play a role.
In most women, symptoms of nausea and vomiting are mild and go away after the middle of pregnancy.
Most mild cases of nausea and vomiting do not harm your health or your baby’s health. Morning sickness does not mean your baby is sick.
Morning sickness is considered severe if you cannot keep any food or fluids down and begin to lose weight. This condition is called hyperemesis gravid arum.
There is no cure for morning sickness. Some research suggests that women who are taking a multivitamin supplement regularly at the time they become pregnant are less likely to have severe cases of morning sickness.
If you experience morning sickness, there are several things you can do that might help you feel better. You may need to try more than one of these remedies:
– Get plenty of rest.
– Avoid smells that bother you.
– Eat five or six small meals each day instead of three large meals.
– Eat a few crackers before you get out of bed in the morning to help settle your stomach.
– Eat small snacks high in protein (such as a glass of milk or a cup of yogurt) throughout the day.
– Avoid spicy foods and fatty foods.
Ginger may be helpful for some women. Taking three 250-milligram capsules of ginger a day plus another capsule right before bed may help relieve nausea. Remember to talk with your healthcare provider before taking any herbal medication or supplement or trying any treatment. You also can try ginger ale or ginger tea made with real ginger.
First exclude other medical causes. If other causes are ruled out, certain medications can be given. Vitamin B6 may be suggested first.
Drugs that combat nausea and vomiting may be prescribed. If you are dehydrated from loss of fluids, you may need to receive fluids through an intravenous (IV) line.